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Category: Traffic Law

THE CONSEQUENCES OF DRINKING AND DRIVING

THE CONSEQUENCES OF DRINKING AND DRIVING

A3With the festive holidays fast approaching, it’s necessary to address the consequences of drinking and driving. Unfortunately, the holidays bring devastating road accidents, with families being injured and losing members due to drunk-driving related incidents.
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What does the law say?

According to the Road Traffic Act 93/96, which has been in effect since March 1998, no person shall on a public road:

  • Drive a vehicle; or
  • Occupy a driver’s seat of a motor vehicle, the engine of which is running, while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a drug having a narcotic effect.
  1. No person shall on a public road:
  • Drive a vehicle; or
  • Occupy a driver’s seat of a motor vehicle, the engine of which is running, while the concentration of alcohol in any specimen of blood taken part of his or her body is not less than 0,05 grams per 100 millilitres.
  1. If, in any prosecution for a contravention of the provisions of subsection (2), it is proved that the concentration of alcohol in any specimen of blood taken from any part of the body of the person concerned was not less than 0,05 grams per 100 millilitres at any time within two hours after the alleged offence, it shall be presumed, until the contrary is proved, that such concentration was not less than 0,05 grams per 100 millilitres of blood at the time of the alleged offence.

What happens if you are caught?

  1. You will be arrested for being over the limit: If you are suspected of driving over the limit, you will be Breathalysed.
  2. Your blood will be taken: If the Breathalyser tests positive, you will be taken into custody and sent for further testing at an alcohol testing centre.
  3. You will be detained: Once you have been arrested you will be taken to a police station, where you will be detained in the holding cells for at least four hours to sober up.

After your release, a docket will be opened and you will be allocated an investigating officer who will follow up your blood test results.

Conclusion

Getting behind the wheel after drinking alcohol should not be an option. People should always use an alternative option, such as getting a lift with someone else, Uber, or using a taxi. Besides the fact that drinking and driving could cost you or someone else their life, it also has severe legal consequences.

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied on as legal or other professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your legal adviser for specific and detailed advice. Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE)

ROAD CYCLISTS vs. MOTORISTS

ROAD CYCLISTS vs. MOTORISTS

MHI_A1blThe popularity of road cycling as a competitive sport and a form of transportation is on the rise. This naturally leads to major safety concerns and serious accidents among both groups of road users.

Both the National Road Traffic Act[1] and the Western Cape Provincial Road Traffic Act[2] regulate the rights of and rules for pedal cyclists and motor vehicle drivers on roads in the Republic of South Africa. The National Road Traffic Act has specific regulations pertaining to cycling safety and every cyclist should be alert to these regulations. Regulation 311[3] states as follows:

  1. No person shall ride a pedal cycle on a public road unless he or she is seated astride on the saddle of such pedal cycle.
  2. Persons riding pedal cycles on a public road shall ride in single file except in the course of overtaking another pedal cycle, and two or more persons riding pedal cycles shall not overtake another vehicle at the same time.
  3. No person riding or seated on a pedal cycle on a public road shall take hold of any other vehicle in motion.
  4. No person riding a pedal cycle on a public road shall deliberately cause such pedal cycle to swerve from side to side.
  5. No person riding a pedal cycle on a public road shall carry thereon any person, animal or object which obstructs his or her view or which prevents him or her from exercising complete control over the movements of such pedal cycle.
  6. A person riding a pedal cycle on a public road shall do so with at least one hand on the handle bars of such pedal cycle.
  7. Whenever a portion of a public road has been set aside for use by persons riding pedal cycles, no person shall ride a pedal cycle on any other portion of such road.

[1] 93 of 1996
[2] 6 of 2012
[3] National Road Traffic Regulations, 2000. Government notice R225 in Government Gazette 20963, dated 17 March 2000. Effective as from 1 August 2000 (page 340/389).

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied on as legal or other professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your legal adviser for specific and detailed advice.

PADFIETSRYERS TEENOOR MOTORISTE

PADFIETSRYERS TEENOOR MOTORISTE

MHI_A1blDie gewildheid van padfietsry as ‘n mededingende sport en ‘n vorm van vervoer is aan die toeneem. Dit lei natuurlik tot groot kommer oor veiligheid en ernstige ongelukke tussen alle padgebruikers.

Beide die Nasionale Padverkeerswet[1] en die Wes-Kaapse Provinsiale Wet op Padverkeer[2] reguleer die regte en verpligtinge van fietsryers en voertuigbestuurders op paaie in die Republiek van Suid-Afrika. Die Nasionale Padverkeerswet het spesifieke regulasies met betrekking tot fietsryveiligheid, en elke padfietsryer moet bedag wees op hierdie regulasies. Regulasie 311[3] bepaal die volgende:

  1. Niemand mag ‘n padfiets ry op ‘n openbare pad nie, tensy hy of sy wydsbeen op ʼn saal van sodanige trapfiets ry.
  2. Persone wat padfietse ry op ‘n openbare pad moet agter mekaar ry tensy een fietsryer ʼn ander verbysteek. Twee of meer fietsryers mag nie ʼn ander voertuig tegelykertyd verbysteek nie.
  3. Geen staande of sittende fietsryers mag aan ʼn bewegende voertuig op ʼn openbare pad vashou nie.
  4. Geen fietsryer mag op ‘n openbare pad doelbewus veroorsaak dat sodanige padfiets van kant tot kant oor die pad swenk nie.
  5. Geen fietsryer op ‘n openbare pad sal enige persoon, dier of voorwerp op die padfiets vervoer wat sy of haar sig belemmer nie, of wat sy of haar volle beheer oor die padfiets belemmer nie.
  6. ‘n Fietsryer wat op ‘n openbare pad ry, sal te alle tye ten minste een hand op die stuurstang hou.
  7. Wanneer ‘n gedeelte van ‘n openbare pad voorsiening maak vir fietsryers, mag geen fietsryers op enige ander gedeelte van daardie openbare pad ry nie.

[1] 93 van 1996
[2] 6 van 2012
[3] Nasionale Padverkeersregulasies, 2000. Goewermentskennisgewing R225 in Staats-koerant 20963, gedateer 17 Maart 2000. Aanvangsdatum 1 Augustus 2000 (bladsy 340/389).

Hierdie is ‘n algemene inligtingstuk en moet gevolglik nie as regs- of ander professionele advies benut word nie. Geen aanspreeklikheid kan aanvaar word vir enige foute of weglatings of enige skade of verlies wat volg uit die gebruik van enige inligting hierin vervat nie. Kontak altyd u regsadviseur vir spesifieke en toegepaste advies.

A DENT ON YOUR RECORD?

A DENT ON YOUR RECORD?

A3blAngela, a normal middle-aged woman with a basic salary has just landed herself in a load of trouble, which could possibly cause her not to go on holiday to Mauritius with her family in December. Angela went to the shop to buy bread before fetching her teenage son from school. As she opened the car door the typical Cape Town wind slammed the door into the passenger door of the car parked next to her, leaving a big dent. What to do? Can she just ignore the incident and park her car in another spot? Isn’t that what most people would do?

In the case of S v Mpho Vincent Mutobvu 2013 (2) SACR 366 (GNP), Mr Mutobvu reversed his motor vehicle from a parking bay when he scratched another parked vehicle. He thought the other vehicle was not damaged and therefore drove home. Unbeknown to him, a security guard observed the incident and took down his car’s registration number. The complainant tracked Mr Mutobvu through his registration number and contacted him. She informed him that she had already reported the matter to her local police station. He inspected her vehicle, and conceded that he was responsible for the damage and paid R6 000 for her car to be repaired. She then went with him to get the charge withdrawn. They were told that he had to pay R500 before the charge could be withdrawn, which he accepted to be his “fine”. Mr Mutobvu was under the impression that this was the end of the matter.

Shortly after the incident Mr Mutobvu had an interview for a new job at a mining company. It was then that he was informed that he could not get the job on account of his criminal record. What criminal record? He went to the Criminal Records Centre in Pretoria and was informed that what he had thought was a R500 fine, was actually an admission of guilt in terms of Section 57 of the Criminal Procedure Act 51 of 1977. Mr Mutobvu had admitted to the contravention of Section 61 (1) (a) of the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act 93 of 1966 – failure to stop after an accident. His criminal record would only be expunged after 10 years. Mr Mutobvu then applied for a special review as he knew he did not deserve this 10-year criminal record.

In S v Cedras 1992 (2) SACR 530 C at 531j – 532b the following was held regarding a court’s approach to a review:

“In such cases the question must always be whether there are considerations of equity and fair dealing which compel the court to intervene to prevent a probable failure of justice. There must be evidence before the court showing the likelihood of such inequity, should it not intervene. A court must be satisfied that the admission of guilt was probably mistaken or incorrect and the accused or other person deposing on oath on his behalf must give a satisfactory explanation as to how the admission of guilt came to be mistakenly or erroneously made. Good cause must be established for condoning the error or mistake in making the admission of guilt. It must be established that, were the charge to go to trial, the accused would have a probable or arguable defence to the charge and that his deemed conviction or sentence is, accordingly, probably not in accordance with justice.”

Mr Mutobvu stated that he did not have any legal representation when he unknowingly admitted to the guilt charge which resulted in the criminal record. He also stated that he had paid the damages and that the complainant had accepted that the charge be removed. The court stated that “in all circumstances, I would set aside the payment of the admission of guilt fine and subsequent conviction and sentence and order that the fine paid be refunded to the accused”. Mr Mutobvu’s criminal record was erased and the R500 that he had to pay was refunded.

A criminal record is not something that people should take lightly. The first charge may not land you in jail, but it puts you in many other awkward situations. If Angela decides to drive away from her accident, she could also have a criminal record and that means no Mauritius holiday for her. Anyone with a criminal record will not be able to leave the country as they are seen as a danger, and it is almost impossible to find suitable employment. Something as simple as a car dent could change your entire life. My advice to Angela would be to wait for the owner of the vehicle or leave a note with her insurance details. Her situation is like a television license: pay it, it’s the right thing to do!

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied on as legal or other professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your legal adviser for specific and detailed advice.

‘N DUIK OP JOU REKORD?

‘N DUIK OP JOU REKORD?

A3blAngela, ‘n gewone middeljarige vrou met ‘n basiese salaris, bevind haar in ‘n moeilike situasie wat dalk kan veroorsaak dat sy nie in Desember saam met haar familie in Mauritius vakansie kan hou nie. Angela het gou gaan brood koop voordat haar tienerseun uit die skool kom. Toe sy uit haar motor klim, het die kwaai Kaapse wind veroorsaak dat haar motordeur teen die deur van die motor langs haar waai en ‘n groot duik laat. Wat moet Angela doen? Moet sy dit net ignoreer en op ‘n ander plek parkeer? Is dit nie wat baie mense sou doen nie?

In die saak van S v Mpho Vincent Mutobvu 2013 (2) SACR 366 (GNP), het mnr Mutobvu sy motor agteruit uit ‘n parkeerplek getrek toe hy die motor langs hom skraap. Hy het gedink daar was geen skade nie en het toe weggery. ‘n Veiligheidswag het egter gesien wat gebeur het en sy motor se registrasienommer neergeskryf. Die klaagster het mnr Mutobvu deur middel van die registrasienommer opgespoor en hom ingelig dat sy die saak aan die polisie gerapporteer het. Hy het haar voertuig ondersoek, toegegee dat hy skuldig was en aan haar R6 000 vir die herstelkoste betaal. Hulle het saam polisiestasie toe gegaan om die klag terug te trek. Hulle is ingelig dat mnr Mutobvu eers R500 moes betaal voordat die saak teruggetrek kon word. Mnr Mutobvu het die R500 betaal en aanvaar dat dit ‘n gewone boete is. Hy was onder die indruk dat die saak hiermee afgehandel is.

Kort na die ongeluk het mnr Mutobvu ‘n onderhoud gehad vir ‘n nuwe pos by ‘n mynmaatskappy. Hy is toe ingelig dat hy nie die werk kon kry nie vanweë sy kriminele rekord. Van watter kriminele rekord praat die mense? Hy het na die Kriminele Rekord Sentrum in Pretoria gegaan en is ingelig dat die R500 wat hy gemeen het ‘n boete was, eintlik ‘n skulderkenning was kragtens Artikel 57 van die Strafproseswet 51 van 1977. Hy het erken dat hy Artikel 61 (1) (a) van die Wet op Nasionale Padverkeer 93 van 1966 oortree het – versuim om te stop na ‘n ongeluk. Sy kriminele rekord sou eers na tien jaar uitgewis word. Mnr Mutobvu het toe aansoek gedoen om ‘n spesiale hersiening, want hy het gevoel dat hy nie die kriminele rekord verdien nie.

In S v Cedras 1992 (2) SACR 530C in 531j-532b is die volgende bevind ten opsigte van ‘n hof se benadering tot ‘n hersiening:

“In sulke gevalle moet die vraag altyd wees of daar oorwegings van billikheid en regverdige handelswyse is wat die hof verplig om in te gryp om ‘n moontlike mislukking van geregtigheid te voorkom. Daar moet bewyse voor die hof wees van die waarskynlikheid van sodanige onbillikheid, sou die hof nie tussenbeide tree nie. ’n Hof moet tevrede wees dat die skulderkenning waarskynlik foutief was en die beskuldigde of ‘n persoon wat namens hom ‘n eed aflê, moet ‘n bevredigende verduideliking gee van hoe dit gebeur het dat die skulderkenning verkeerdelik gemaak is. Goeie gronde moet aangevoer word vir kondonering van die fout wat gemaak is met die skulderkenning. Daar moet bevind word dat, as die aanklag tot ‘n verhoor sou lei, die beskuldigde ‘n waarskynlike verweer teen die aanklag sou hê en dat sy geagte skuldigbevinding of vonnis gevolglik waarskynlik nie in ooreenstemming met geregtigheid is nie.”

Mnr Mutobvu het gesê dat hy nie regsverteenwoordiging gehad het toe hy onwetend skuld erken het wat gelei het tot die kriminele rekord nie. Hy het ook gesê dat hy vir die skade betaal het en dat die klaagster aanvaar het dat die klag teruggetrek word. Die hof het verklaar dat “in alle omstandighede sal ek die betaling van die skulderkenningsboete en daaropvolgende skuldigbevinding en vonnis tersyde stel en beveel dat die boete aan die beskuldigde terugbetaal word”. Mnr Mutobvu se kriminele rekord is geskrap en die R500 is aan hom terugbetaal.

‘n Kriminele rekord is nie iets wat mens ligtelik moet opneem nie. Die eerste klag mag jou dalk nie in die tronk laat beland nie maar dit kan jou in baie ander ongemaklike situasies plaas. As Angela besluit om weg te ry van haar ongeluk kan sy ook ‘n kriminele rekord kry, en dit sou beteken geen Mauritius-vakansie vir haar nie. Geen persoon met ‘n kriminele rekord mag die land verlaat nie, want hy/sy word as ‘n gevaar beskou, en dit is dan byna onmoontlik om geskikte werk te vind. Iets so eenvoudig soos ‘n duik in ‘n motordeur kan jou hele lewe verander. My raad aan Angela sou wees om vir die eienaar van die voertuig te wag of ‘n nota te laat met haar versekeringsbesonderhede. Haar situasie is soos ‘n TV-lisensie: betaal dit, dis die regte ding om te doen!

Hierdie is ‘n algemene inligtingstuk en moet gevolglik nie as regs- of ander professionele advies benut word nie. Geen aanspreeklikheid kan aanvaar word vir enige foute of weglatings of enige skade of verlies wat volg uit die gebruik van enige inligting hierin vervat nie. Kontak altyd u regsadviseur vir spesifieke en toegepaste advies.

Die verkeersbeampte lê beslag op jou selfoon: Wat jy moet weet?

Die verkeersbeampte lê beslag op jou selfoon: Wat jy moet weet?

A3blSedert 2011 het die Stad van Kaapstad: Verkeers Ordonnansie, 2011 dit moontlik gemaak vir ‘n gemagtigde beampte om jou sellulêre toestel te konfiskeer indien jy betrap word wanneer jy dit in jou motor gebruik terwyl jy bestuur. Hier is ‘n paar belangrike feite om te onthou sodat jy kan seker maak dat al die regte prosedures gevolg word wanneer op jou sellulêre toestel beslag gelê word.

Die Stad van Kaapstad: Verkeers Ordonnansie, 2011 (hierna “die Ordonnansie”) verbied eerstens die bestuur van ‘n motorvoertuig op ‘n openbare pad terwyl jy ‘n sellulêre of mobiele telefoon of enige ander kommunikasietoestel met enige deel van jou liggaam vashou en tweedens, die gebruik van ‘n sellulêre of mobiele telefoon of enige ander kommunikasietoestel terwyl jy bestuur, tensy dit aan die voertuig vasgemaak is (soos ‘n handvrye stelsel).[1]

Volgens die Ordonnansie mag ‘n gemagtigde beampte in die belang van publieke veiligheid ‘n kommunikasietoestel konfiskeer, mits hy die eienaar inlig oor die redes daarvoor. Hy moet ‘n kwitansie aan die eienaar uitreik wat die plek waar sy eiendom teruggeëis kan word, aandui, en hy moet alle prosedures wat in enige beleid van die stad oor konfiskering en beslaglegging vervat is, volg.[2] Die beleid van toepassing in die Stad Kaapstad is bekend as die Standaard Werkproses op die Beslaglegging van Goedere en Diere, 2012.

‘n Gemagtigde amptenaar wat in terme van enige Ordonnansie van die Stad optree, moet ‘n kwitansie aan die oortreder gee vir enige eiendom wat verwyder en op beslag gelê is. Hierdie kwitansie moet die volgende aandui:

  • ‘n Lys van die eiendom wat verwyder is;
  • die toestand van die eiendom (want die eiendom moet teruggegee word in dieselfde toestand as waarin dit was toe dit verwyder is);
  • die adres waar die eiendom geberg gaan word;
  • die ure waartydens die goedere afgehaal mag word;
  • die maksimum tydperk vir die berging van die eiendom voordat daarmee weggedoen kan word;
  • die voorwaardes vir die vrystelling van die eiendom waarop beslag gelê is;
  • die naam en kantoornommer van ‘n raadsamptenaar aan wie enige betoog oor die beslaglegging gerig kan word;
  • die afsnydatum en -tyd vir die rig van die betoog;
  • die terme en voorwaardes van die verkoop van eiendom wat nie teruggeëis is nie, per openbare veiling.[3]

Die Stad mag enige nie-teruggeëisde sellulêre stelsel negentig dae na die beslaglegging per openbare veiling verkoop wat in die plaaslike koerante geadverteer is. Munisipale amptenare en raadslede, hul gades, familie en kennisse mag nie hierdie eiendom koop nie. Fooie mag gehef word vir die berging van die sellulêre toestel, asook enige ander koste wat deur die raad aangegaan is in die tydperk van beslaglegging. Hierdie fooie word deur die raad bepaal en mag van tyd tot tyd aangepas word. Fooie en boetes moet by die Raad se kontantkantoor tussen 08:00 en 16:00 op Maandag tot Vrydag betaal word.[4]

Eiendom mag aan die eienaar of sy/haar verteenwoordiger teruggegee word op voorlegging van bewys van betaling van alle fooie wat met die beslaglegging verband hou en enige boetes wat tydens beslaglegging opgelê is. Eienaars of hulle verteenwoordigers kan hul eiendom afhaal tydens die tye en op die plek aangedui in die skutkennisgewing wat op die oortreder bedien is.[5]

Beamptes van die Stad moet redelike stappe neem om enige skade aan eiendom waarop beslag gelê is, te voorkom, maar hulle sal nie verantwoordelik wees vir enige skade wat aan die eiendom gerig is waar ‘n redelike sorgsplig uitgeoefen is nie. Digitale foto’s moet van alle goedere waarop beslag gelê is, geneem word.[6]

‘n Persoon wat ‘n bepaling van hierdie Ordonnansie oortree, pleeg ‘n misdryf en ‘n persoon wat so ‘n misdryf pleeg, is by skuldigbevinding aanspreeklik vir ‘n boete of gevangenisstraf van nie meer nie as 3 jaar, of beide.[7] 

Verwysingslys

  • Die Stad van Kaapstad: Verkeers Ordonnansie, 2011.
  • Standaard Werkproses op die Beslaglegging van Goedere en Diere, 2012.

[1]A 38(1) van die Stad van Kaapstad: Verkeers Ordonnansie.
[2]A 38(4) van die Stad van Kaapstad: Verkeers Ordonnansie.
[3]A8, A9 van die Standaard Werkproses op die Beslaglegging van Goedere en Diere, 2012.
[4]A10, A11 van die Standaard Werkproses op die Beslaglegging van Goedere en Diere.
[5]A12 van die Standaard Werkproses op die Beslaglegging van Goedere en Diere.
[6]A16 van die Standaard Werkproses op die Beslaglegging van Goedere en Diere.
[7] A39 van die Stad van Kaapstad: Verkeers Ordonnansie.

Hierdie is ‘n algemene inligtingstuk en moet gevolglik nie as regs- of ander professionele advies benut word nie. Geen aanspreeklikheid kan aanvaar word vir enige foute of weglatings of enige skade of verlies wat volg uit die gebruik van enige inligting hierin vervat nie. Kontak altyd u regsadviseur vir spesifieke en toegepaste advies.

The traffic officer confiscates your cell phone: What you should know!

The traffic officer confiscates your cell phone: What you should know!

A3blSince 2011 the City of Cape Town: Traffic By-Law, 2011 has made it possible for an authorised officer to confiscate your cellular device if you are caught using it in your car while driving. If you end up getting caught red-handed, these are a few things you should know to make sure that all the correct procedures are followed when your cellular device gets confiscated.

The City of Cape Town: Traffic By-Law, 2011 (hereinafter “the By-Law”) prohibits driving a motor vehicle on a public road, firstly, while holding a cellular or mobile telephone or any communications device with any part of the body and, secondly, while using or operating a cellular or mobile telephone or other communication device unless it is affixed to the vehicle (like a handsfree kit).[1]

According to the By-Law an authorised officer may, in the interest of public safety, confiscate a handheld communication device if he informs the owner of such device of the reasons for doing so. He must issue a receipt to the owner, stating the place at which such device may be claimed, and he must follow all procedures contained in any policy of the city dealing with the confiscation and impoundment of property.[2] The policy applicable in the City of Cape Town is called the Standard Operating Procedure on the Impoundment of Goods and Animals, 2012.

An authorised official exercising authority in terms of any By-Law of the City to impound goods, shall issue to the offending party a receipt for any property removed and impounded. This receipt must indicate:

  • A list of the property to be removed and impounded;
  • the physical condition of the goods (to ensure that they are returned in the same physical condition that they were in when impounded);
  • the address where the impounded goods will be kept;
  • the hours during which the goods may be collected;
  • the maximum period for storage of goods before they are disposed of;
  • the conditions for the release of the impounded goods;
  • the name and office number of a council official to whom any representation regarding the impoundment may be made;
  • the date and time by when representation must be made;
  • the terms and conditions relating to the sale of unclaimed goods, by public auction, where no claim (and/or representation) is received.[3]

The City may sell any cellular device that hasn’t been claimed within ninety days after the date of impoundment through public auction which shall be advertised in local newspapers. Municipal officials and councillors, their spouses, relatives and acquaintances are prohibited from purchasing any of these impounded goods. Fees may be levied for the storage of the cellular device and any other expense incurred by the Council during impoundment. Said fees shall be determined by Council and may be adjusted from time to time. Fees and fines shall be paid at the Council cash office between the hours of 08:00 and 16:00 on Mondays to Fridays.[4]

Goods may be returned to the owner, or his or her representative, upon presentation of proof of payment of all fees related to the impounding and storage of the goods and any fines imposed prior to and/or during impoundment. Owners or their representatives can collect their goods during the hours and at the venue indicated in the impoundment notice served on the offender.[5]

Officials of the City must take reasonable steps to prevent any damage to impounded goods; however, it will not be responsible for any damage caused to goods where a reasonable duty of care was exercised. Digital photographs shall be taken of all impounded goods.[6]

A person who contravenes a provision of this By-Law commits an offence and a person who commits such an offence is, on conviction, liable for a fine or a term of imprisonment not exceeding 3 years, or both.[7]

Reference List

  • The Standard Operating Procedure on the Impoundment of Goods and Animals, 2012
  • The City of Cape Town: Traffic By-Law, 2011

[1]S 38(1) of the City of Cape Town: Traffic By-Law.
[2]S 38(4) of the City of Cape Town: Traffic By-Law.
[3]S 8, S 9 of the Standard Operating Procedure on the Impoundment of Goods and Animals, 2012.
[4]S 10, S 11 of the Standard Operating Procedure on the Impoundment of Goods and Animals.
[5]S 12 of the Standard Operating Procedure on the Impoundment of Goods and Animals.
[6]S 16 of the Standard Operating Procedure on the Impoundment of Goods and Animals.
[7]S 39 of the City of Cape Town: Traffic By-Law.

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied on as legal or other professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your legal adviser for specific and detailed advice.

MOENIE DEUR DIE LEWE JAAG NIE

MOENIE DEUR DIE LEWE JAAG NIE

Article 2_BJack Louw is gewoond daaraan om vinnige motors te ry – hy is feitlik gebore met een voet op die versneller. Jack kom boonop uit ‘n baie welgestelde familie, wat beteken dat daar altyd geld was om die boetes vir al sy verkeersoortredings te betaal. Jack se geluk kan egter binnekort draai en dan sal daar geen manier wees om net met ‘n boete weg te kom nie.

In terme van die Wet op Nasionale Padverkeer 93 van 1996 en die Regulasies, soos gepubliseer op 17 Maart 2000, is die algemene spoedgrense as volg: 60 km/h op ‘n openbare pad binne ‘n stedelike gebied, 100 km/h op ‘n openbare pad buite ‘n stedelike gebied wat nie ‘n deurpad is nie, en 120 km/h op elke snelweg.

Indien jy die spoedgrens met meer as 60 km/h oorskry, sal jy outomaties vervolg word en nie die geleentheid hê om ‘n afkoopboete te betaal nie. Indien jy meer as 100 km/h in ‘n 60 km/h-sone ry, sal jy waarskynlik nie die opsie hê om ‘n skulderkenningsboete te betaal nie, maar jy sal in die hof moet verskyn op ‘n aanklag van roekelose of gevaarlike bestuur.

Afhangende van die erns van die oortreding, sal jy nie toegelaat word om ‘n skulderkenningsboete te betaal nie. ‘n Skulderkenningsboete is ‘n boete waar ‘n persoon met ‘n eerste oortreding die opsie het om skuld te erken en ‘n boete te betaal sonder om in die hof te verskyn. Dit mag dalk soos ‘n maklike uitweg lyk, maar indien jy skuld erken, het jy ‘n kriminele rekord.

Skulderkenningsboetes vir spoedoortredings word bereken op die basis van die een rand per km/h wat die spoedgrens oorskry is. Hierdie boetes kan by enige kantoor van die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisiediens in die Landdrosdistrik waar die oortreding plaasgevind het, betaal word. Die boete moet getoon word op die dag van die betaling van die boete.

Indien jy kies om nie die skulderkenningsboete te betaal nie, maar eerder die saak in die hof te beveg, moet jy op die boete kyk om vas te stel op watter datum jy in die hof moet verskyn, en wat die saaknommer is. Navrae oor die boete moet gerig word aan die klerk van die kriminele hof van die Landdrosdistrik van uitreiking, en jy moet die boete saamstuur.

Dit is belangrik om kennis te neem van die spoed wat jy ry. Dit kan vir jou belangrik wees om betyds by jou bestemming uit te kom, maar is dit die moeite werd om ‘n boete te betaal, of met ‘n kriminele rekord te sit? Dit is veral belangrik om te onthou dat indien jy die boete in ‘n ander dorp as jou tuisdorp kry, jy terug na daardie dorp moet gaan om in die hof te verskyn. Dit is jou plig om in die hof te verskyn, ongeag of jy in die gebied woon of nie.

Dink voor jy skuld erken op ‘n spoed oortreding, of selfs beter, dink twee keer voor jy die spoedgrens oortree en jouself in daardie posisie plaas.

Hierdie is ‘n algemene inligtingstuk en moet gevolglik nie as regs- of ander professionele advies benut word nie. Geen aanspreeklikheid kan aanvaar word vir enige foute of weglatings of enige skade of verlies wat volg uit die gebruik van enige inligting hierin vervat nie. Kontak altyd u regsadviseur vir spesifieke en toegepaste advies.

Kliek hier om die volledige vrywaring te sien

DON’T SPEED THROUGH LIFE

DON’T SPEED THROUGH LIFE

Article 2_BJack Louw was used to driving fast cars – he was practically born with one foot on the accelerator. Jack was also born into a very rich family, which meant there was always money to pay for the fines he kept receiving for exceeding the speed limit. However, Jack’s luck would soon change and he might end up with more than a fine.

According to the National Road Traffic Act 93 of 1996 and the Regulations published on 17 March 2000, the general speed limits are: 60 km/h on a public road within an urban area; 100 km/h on a public road outside an urban area which is not a freeway, and 120 km/h on every freeway.

Prosecution or the imposition of a spot fine is automatic if you are caught exceeding the 60km/h and general speed limits. However, if you speed in a 60km/h zone, and it is greater than 100km/h, you will not have the option of paying an admission-of-guilt fine, but will have to appear in court to answer a charge of reckless or dangerous driving and contravention of the Act.

Depending on the seriousness of the offence, you may or may not be given the alternative of an admission-of-guilt fine as opposed to having to appear in Court. An admission-of-guilt fine is a fine that a person is issued with after admitting guilt. It may seem like an easy exit to all problems. However, once admitting guilt, the person will have a criminal record.

Admission-of-guilt fines for speeding are calculated on the basis of rands per km/h in excess of the speed limit. These fines may be paid at any office of the South African Police Service in the Magisterial district where the offence occurred, by the date stipulated on the notice that will be posted to you within two weeks after you received the ticket. You must produce the ticket when paying the fine.

Should you choose not to pay the admission-of-guilt fine, but rather state your case in court, you should check the fine to ascertain the date on which you must appear in Court and the case number. Queries about the fine must be directed to the clerk of the criminal court of the Magisterial district of issue, and the actual document must accompany your query.

It is important to take notice of the speed you are driving. It may be important for you to get to your destination in time, but is it worth paying a fine, or having a criminal record? It is also important to remember that if you get a fine in a town other than your home town, you will have to travel back to that town to appear in court.

Think before admitting guilt to a speeding offence, or even better, think twice before committing an offence that would put you in that position.

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied on as legal or other professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your legal adviser for specific and detailed advice.

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HAASTIGE HOND VERBRAND SY MOND

HAASTIGE HOND VERBRAND SY MOND

A4bDie klassieke geval: Mandie ry 31 km per uur oor die maksimum snelheidsperk in ‘n poging om tred te hou met die res van die motors op die pad. Sy is onder die indruk dat sy bloot by die vloei van die verkeer hou toe sy skielik flitsende ligte in haar truspieël sien.

Mandie aanvaar verkeersboetes as ‘n “lewensfeit“ en beskou oortredings as die buig van reëls eerder as die pleeg van ‘n misdaad.

Maande later arriveer die verkeers-kennisgewing in die pos en Mandie berei haar voor  vir `n swaar boete. Sy is egter geskok wanneer die kennisgewing haar verwittig dat sy in die hof moet verskyn en dat sy strafregtelik vervolg word.

Mandie en die meeste ander Suid-Afrikaners is nie bekend met ‘n wysiging aan Artikel 35 van die Wet op Nasionale Padverkeer wat in 2010 aangebring is nie, waarvolgens ‘n voertuigbestuurder strafregtelik vervolg kan word vir die oorskryding met meer as 30km/h van die maksimum snelheidsperk en dat die rybewys van iemand wat skuldig bevind word,  opgeskort kan word.

Hierdie bepaling  kan ernstige gevolge hê vir baie padgebruikers. Nie net moet Mandie vir `n kriminele oortreding in die hof verskyn nie, maar bestaan die moontlikheid dat haar rybewys opgeskort kan word en dat sy boonop ‘n kriminele rekord kan kry. 

Artikel 35 van die Wet op Nasionale Padverkeer

  1. Die term “oorskry” in Artikel 35 (1) (aA) (i) en (ii) verwys na ‘n snelheid van 31 km/h of meer bo die voorgeskrewe spoedgrens in ‘n stedelike area en ‘n snelheid van 41km/h of meer bo die voorgeskrewe spoedgrens buite ‘n stedelike gebied of op ‘n deurpad.
  2. Indien jy op heterdaad betrap word wanneer jy een van hierdie oortredings begaan sal jy in hegtenis geneem word. Dienooreenkomstig sal jy op borgtog vrygelaat word en aangemaan word om op ‘n vasgestelde datum en tyd in die hof te verskyn.
  3. Indien jy nie gestop is deur `n verkeersbeampte nie sal jy ‘n kennisgewing in die pos ontvang waarin jy verwittig word van ‘n dagvaarding waarin jy gelas word om in die hof te verskyn, welke dagvaarding op`n latere stadium persoonlik op jou beteken sal word.

Versuim om in die hof te verskyn ooreenkomstig die kriminele dagvaarding sal lei tot die uitreiking van `n lasbrief vir jou  arrestasie.

Die Wet vereis dat ‘n persoon skuldig bevind moet word aan ‘n beweerde oortreding voordat enige regsgevolge daaruit voortvloei. Aangesien `n snelheid bo die snelheidsgrens soos hierbo aangedui beskou word as `n kriminele oortreding, sal die staat bo redelike twyfel moet bewys dat die persoon skuldig is aan sodanige oortreding.

Die opskorting van jou rybewys vir die tydperk soos voorgeskryf in die Wet is nie ‘n opsionele vereiste nie. Dit is ‘n verpligte opskorting vir ‘n  tydperk van ses maande in die geval van ‘n eerste oortreding. Waar ‘n persoon skuldig bevind word aan ‘n tweede oortreding  kan sy/haar rybewys opgeskort word vir `n tydperk van tot vyf jaar en in die geval van die derde of daaropvolgende oortreding, vir tot soveel as tien jaar.

Hoewel baie geregtelike beamptes (landdroste) Artikel 35 (3) wyd interpreteer wat betref die opskorting al dan nie van ‘n rybewys, beteken dit nie dat indien opskorting van jou rybewys nadelige gevolge vir jou sal inhou, jou rybewys  nie opgeskort sal word nie.

Die eenvoudige beginsel geld: Spoed mag dramatiese gevolge vir jou inhou. Die dae van bloot net jou boete by die naaste verkeersdepartement betaal, is verby.

Hierdie is ‘n algemene inligtingstuk en moet gevolglik nie as regs- of ander professionele advies benut word nie. Geen aanspreeklikheid kan aanvaar word vir enige foute of weglatings of enige skade of verlies wat volg uit die gebruik van enige inligting hierin vervat nie. Kontak altyd u regsadviseur vir spesifieke en toegepaste advies.